In a recent post, Life Has Changed On The Prairie I told how my son and daughter-in-law brought their rabbits when they had to move. The rabbit family has kept on growing and it was time to harvest and process. This time Sarah asked me if I would can them. I’ve canned chicken and the process is basically the same. I always rely on USDA guidelines for processing which can be found online. Please do not use blog sites or family as the final authority on instructions or processing times. It’s not worth the risk!
Sarah did the hard work of harvesting and deboning. She decided to can without the bone. I just got together all the equipment needed:
- Mirro Pressure Canner with weight, rubber gasket and canning rack
- Canning jars (no mayonnaise jars)
- Lids and rings
- Jar lifter
- Towel and wire grates to set hot jars after processing
- Large Deep pan
After reading the instructions, I determined the processing time was 90 minutes with a 10 pound pressure for our altitude. When Sarah started harvesting, I placed the jars in the dishwasher for washing and kept the jars in the heat cycle until we were ready to pack. The rabbit was put into the large pan filed with water and a brine ratio of 1 tablespoon canning salt per quart. This helps draw out the blood. If the rabbits were wild it would help remove the gamey taste.
I put about two inches of water in the pressure canner on low heat when the deboning began. Working with a pressure canner is really much easier than a water bath because you’re not working with a heavy canner filled with hot water.
Once the jars were loosely packed and lids and rings added they went into the canner. It’s important that the warm jars go into water that’s also warm to prevent glass breakage. After putting in 6 quart jars, we closed the lid and started the process known as venting. This is bringing up the heat to the point that a full head of steam is coming out the top vent for a period of 10 minutes. This helps remove all of the the air from the canner to get the correct temperature and pressure. The pressure “jiggler” is then put on the top of the canner. The countdown begins.
Once I hear that “rockin and rollin” noise with the “jiggler”, I can start my 90 minute countdown. Each pressure canner is different. My instructions says it should jiggle 1 to 3 times per minute. It’s important to go by your instructions so you can maintain proper pressure. If you have a dial type canner, then the pressure is shown on the dial. After 90 minutes, the fire is turned off and I wait 45 minutes before attempting to open the canner. This allows the pressure to drop and it’s safe to open.
So far everything went as planned. When I opened the canner, I was very saddened to see that one of the jars had broke! I did inspect my jars but it’s possible there was a hairline crack. I put the other jars on the counter to cool and seal until the next morning. I did check the lids before I went to bed and all had sealed.
The next morning, on closer inspection, I noticed one of the jars had a thin black line inside of the jar! I’ve never had that happen before so I immediately started checking online and couldn’t find any similar situation. Even during the Coronavirus Pandemic, the local county Extension Agents were available, but working from home. A picture sent (see bottom middle picture) to the agent and I had my response the next day. Because my seal was intact, she felt the line is a reflection of where the liquid level was either when the jars went into the canner or at some point during processing. It was possible that it could be a combination of denatured proteins (a change in the structure of the protein). She felt the food was safe but recommended boiling for 11 minutes prior to tasting as an extra precaution. If there was an off odor at any time, to discard the food. I felt relieved with this information. After losing one jar (one rabbit) to a broken jar, it’s tough to throw out another. But better safe than sorry!
One might ask if all the work of canning and possible losses is worth it. I still enjoy freezing food but when you’re busy it’s a blessing to have a healthy dinner in a jar.